A cave on the Atlantic coast near Lisbon has provided researchers with key archaeological information that questions the behavioural gap once thought to separate Neanderthals from contemporaneous Homo sapiens.
University of Adelaide researchers have discovered that fossil and museum collections around the world are home to more male than female mammals.
Fossils of a giant new species from the long-extinct group of sea creatures called trilobites have been found on Kangaroo Island.
DNA from prehistoric penguin bones analysed by University of Adelaide scientists, have contributed to new findings about the evolution of these aquatic flightless birds.
Lilly Pilly fossils found in old gold mines of the Snowy Mountains, prove the region was once a lush rainforest without snow.
Even our earliest human ancestors made and used technology - something we can look back on thanks to the lasting nature of stone tools.